An expert has claimed that within 50 years robot judges that can determine guilt based on body language and voice changes will be commonplace in the UK.

According to Terence Mauri, a global authority on AI and “globotics” the machines will be capable of detecting physical and psychological signs of dishonesty “with 99.9 per cent accuracy”. He claimed that the robo-judges will use an array of cameras to search for behaviour, “indicative of wrongdoing or probable falsehoods”, including unusually high increases in body temperature, irregular speech patterns, and hand and eye movements. This data will then be analysed using artificial intelligence (AI) to build up an unbiased and almost “error-free” picture of whether a witness or defendant is telling the truth. According to a two-year study, they could replace the majority of human judges and become a common feature of most criminal and civil hearings in England and Wales by 2070.

Speaking at the launch of his book, “The 3D Leader: Take Your Leadership To The Next Dimension”, Mr Mauri said it had “great promise” for the legal industry and for those wrongly accused of crimes. He commented that, “AI has created unprecedented changes in the way that people live and work by performing complex problems with a level of consistency and speed that is unmatched by human intelligence. In a legal setting, AI will usher in a new, fairer form of digital justice whereby human emotion, bias and error will become a thing of the past.”

Last year David Gauke, the then-justice secretary, backed AI judges potentially sitting on cases, saying that while there would be controversy about images being conjured of “bewigged robot judges” making decisions, the industry could be happy with artificial intelligence creating “simple tools to provide straightforward justice”.

AI judges have been dealing with online trade disputes, copyright cases and e-commerce product liability claims in China since 2017. The mobile court in the city of Hangzhou, where two opposing parties can upload documents to support their claims which an AI tech will analyse and issue a decision, has already handled more than three million legal cases. If either party is dissatisfied, they can appeal to a human judge.

Davies McGrath Law
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